Northern Plains Hedgehogs
Hedgehogs should be kept at a temperature in between 73-80 degrees. If the temperature falls below 70 degrees, there is a chance your hedgehog will go into hibernation, which is turn can result in sickness or even death. Ours are kept right at 77-78 degree's.
- Hedgehogs need 12-14 hours of natural or artificial light per day. This can be provided with a light on in the same room, or near there cage.
- Domestic hedgehogs normally live in between 3-7 years old. This varies quite a bit as there are diseases and other things that factor into this such as their care, what they are fed, and so on.
- In the wild, hedgehogs can run up to 13 miles in search of food. Domestic hedgehogs are not able to do this, so a wheel MUST be provided to ensure to hedgehog gets enough exercise. Depending on how messy the hedgehog is, the wheel should be cleaned on a regular basis.
- Hedgehogs are naturally insectivores, meaning they eat crickets and meal-worms. These can usually be found at a pet store, alive or dead. Feeding insects that are found outside is not recommended as they could have been exposed to pesticides and other law chemicals.
- Adequate housing must be provided for the hedgehog. It is recommended that the cage be large enough to provide enough space to house a 12 inch wheel, igloo or house, a litter box if you so choose, and space to move. The minimum size your cage should be is 3x3, but the larger the better.
- In the wild, hedgehogs keep their toenails trimmed by running, digging, and finding food. Pet Hedgehogs need to have their toenails trimmed for them. It is recommended that you trim your hedgehogs every two weeks, depending on your hedgehog, and it is also good to check them at least once a week. A good time to do it is bath time, as you can wash their toes prior to trimming them. You must take care not to trim to short or they will bleed. Please see our Bathing and Toenails page for more information and a chart to go by.
- Hedgehogs are solitary animals. You should always keep your hedgehogs in separate cages to prevent territorial fighting. Males should never be kept together under any circumstances. Females can sometimes be housed together, such as a mom and her daughters, but once mom kicks them out of the igloo, it is time to separate them.
- Hedgehogs can be fed a variety of items. We feed a blend of different cat foods to give them variety in their diets. We also offer mealworms, fruits and veggies depending on the hedgehog, and they get fresh water daily. More information on food and treats can be found here.
- It is difficult for some to tell the difference between a Male and a Female Hedgehog. As you can see from the below picture, the one on the left is a male. They have a prominent "Belly Button" close to the middle of their stomachs. Female's do not have this, and have a slit down by their tail as you can see from the picture on the right.
There is many articles that you can search for on the internet on hedgehogs and their care. Be sure to do your research before deciding to get such a unique pet. They do require more care than the average pet, but it is worth it in the long run.